English Cream Golden Retrievers vs. American Golden Retrievers.... but both are Scottish!!!!

Roberto Manzotti


We could say that there are differences between the colours of the coat.... but the breed is always the same!!

colours golden retriever


Perhaps one of the most well-known breeds of dogs to the trained and untrained eye is the Golden Retriever. With its downward sloping ears and remarkable sun-kissed coat, the Golden Retriever has become the poster dog for dogs all over the world. No matter what your knowledge about dog breeds is, you must have heard about them and you must have loved them. Little amounts up to the level of presitge that the Golden Retrievers hold in light of their position on the hierarchy of breeds.

Goldren Retrievers originated in Scotland. They were named ‘retrievers’ because of their ability to find and bring back shot game without damage. They were used as gun dogs to bring back hunted waterfowl, ducks for instance, and upland game birds as part of the course of hunting expeditions. They are remarkable in their inner and outer qualities both. With their inherent love of water, they made for good retrievers. They have a penchnat for obedience and learning skills and tricks. Due to their ease in integration with people and their ability to learn skills, they are often used as guide dogs, disability assisntance dogs, search and rescue dogs, detection dogs, and hunting dogs.


Their temperament, in general, is very friendly making them unsuitable as guard dogs but makes them a favourite among families and anyone who loves dogs. On a plus point, they are suitable for residence in any area that is suburban or accumulates a certain area of free land because they love to get around and get some exercise with their instinctive nature to roam around. Their coat is one of the aspects that they are most famous for. They are usually long-coated with fine hair that lie flat against their body with water repulsion. They have a dense inner coat which equips them for any sort of environment in the ourdoors. They shed in abudnance, however, that is seasonal and a welcome requisitie of being lined with such a glorious coat.

They are tough ones on the outside with their long-haired dense coat and musuclar built. On the inside, however, they are soft and friendly. They are extremely popular amongst pedigree breeders, which has contributed to their widespread and historical popularity that only seems to grow with time. Ever since their origins found in Scotland, variations have popped up across regions as breeders tried to get a mix of their favourite traits, creating two popular subtypes: the English (Scottish) Cream Golden Retriever and the American Golden Retriever. Although essentially this means that there are more of them in number, it also means greater variety in qualities. With quality pedigree breeding comes quality subtypes, as in the case of the Golden Retrievers. However, regrettably, with this increase in variation also comes misconceptions and faulty beliefs about what exactly differentiates these types across regions. The most important thing when it comes to pedigree breeding is that you know the science behind it, and not the myth. With perfect information about the Golden Retrievers across the differnet regions that feature them, they can be regarded with the respect and affection that they deserve.

The distinction began with the recognition of the breed in different regions at different times. The Golden Retriever breed was first recognized in 1911 by The Kennel Club (TKC) in England. This was followd by the American Kennel Club’s recognition that came in the year of 1925. This is where the distinctions began because breeders in America, and breeders in England and areas of Europe began breeding for whatever traits they preferred. The global standards for Golden Retrievers are determined by criteria set out by The Kennel Club, which are also adopted by canine registry clubs all over the world. This criteria is loosely based on coats that are of any shade of cream or gold, avoiding coats that are too dark.

These English (Scottish) Golden Retrievers are commonly referred to as just “Golden Retrievers” by Europe and the rest of the world, with the exception of the North America. This is due to the variation in the breed created by the American breeders in terms of their color and other qualities. English Crème Golden Retrievers is a coined term used to differentiate between the variations. These Scottish Golden Retrievers have also been referred to with a range of different names ranging from English Crème Golden Retrievers to White Golden Retrievers, European-style Golden Retrievers, English Golden Retrievers, Imported Golden Retrievers, British Golden Retrievers or English Cremes alone.


golden retriever american

The difference arises in the breeding standards, with the English (Scottish) Golden Retrievers complying with the original Golden Retriever breedings standards according to TKC and the American Golden Retrievers are the dogs bred in compliance with the AKC.

There are multitudes of differences that have been coined for the two breeds, whereas they are inherently the same friendly build of dog. For this reason, we have outlined a few differences between the English Golden Retriever and the American Golden Retriever, so that you never become a victim of these misconceptions and can call as a retriever a retriever. 

Continue to Part 2

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