English Golden Retrievers vs. American Golden Retrievers

Roberto Manzotti

Coats and Colors

The most prominent difference that arises betweent the two breeds is the color of their coats. As we have already established, the difference mainly relies upon the breeding standards of their respective canine registries.

American Golden Retriever: According to the AKC, the American Golden Retriever is described to be “rich, lustrous golden of various shades” in its colors. Under this breeding standard, colors on each end of the spectrumare not accetable, that is, coats that are either extremely dark or extremely light in color. To an extent, this gives the judge the discretion to judge the acceptability of the color under this standard.


In terms of the AKC, as defined by them in their standards, “Dense and water-repellent with good undercoat. Outer coat firm and resilient, neither coarse nor silky, lying close to body; may be straight or wavy. Untrimmed natural ruff; moderate feathering on back of forelegs and on underbody; heavier feathering on front of neck, back of thighs and underside of tail. Coat on head, paws, and front of legs is short and even. Excessive length, open coats, and limp, soft coats are very undesirable. Feet may be trimmed and stray hairs neatened, but the natural appearance of coat or outline should not be altered by cutting or clipping.”

English Cream Golden Retriever: Under the standard established by TKC, the English Crème Retriever is between the shades of cream to the greatest extent of gold, with the exclusion of red hues and mahogany, as the KC is quoted to define their coat as “Flat or wavy with good feathering, dense water-resisting undercoat.”

In conclusion, it can be summarised in saying that the American Golden Retrievers have a longer and thicker coat of fur. On the other hand, by contrast, the English Crème Golden Retreivers have comparatively shorter and wavier coats of fur. This is a result of their adaption to water resistance and thickness to survive rough terrains and wounds inflicted by bushes and unfriendly weather.


The Amercian Golden Retriever is characterised with a head structure that is broad-skulled and arched without focus on eithr the occipital bones or the forehead, with the arch stretching laterally and longtiudinally. The AKC Golden Retrievers come with medium to large dark eyes and closely-fitted rims. They are deep set into their sockets with a reasonable distance between them, with dark brown to medium brown in color. Their easrs are short with the front edge falling right above the eyes, able to cover the eyes when pulled forward. Their necks are medium-lung, merging into their soulders with a sturdy and muscular look.

The English Crème Golden Retrievers, on the other hand, are characterised by a well-balanced head, slightly larger than their AKC counterparts. Their skull is also broad without a sense of coarsness. Their ears are moderately sized, almost level with the eyes. The eyes are similar to the AKC Golden Retriever with a reasonable distance between the two, and dark brown with dark rim in appearance. Their necks also give the impression of a muscular and a well-built appearance. 



Health and Expenctancy of Life

Research and statistics have shown that the AKC Golden Retrievers have been known to contract cancer more than their counterparts across the pond. Cancers, most commonly, hemangiosarcoma, followed by lymphosarcoma, mast cell tumour, and osteosarcoma, took the lives of 61.4% of American Golden Retrievers, as found by a health study conducted by the Golden Retriever Club of America in 1998. In contrast, a study conducted in 2004,  the UK Kennel Club found their breed of dogs to be afflicted at a rate of 38.8%. In terms of median age, the American Goldens have been known to live for up to 10 years and 8 months. Whereas the median age for the English Crème Golden Retrievers is placed at 12 years and 3 months.

These are the basic differences that arise from the different breedings standards of the canine registeries of America and the UK. However, at the end of the day, their breed remains the same friendly and glorious at the heart of it all.

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